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Gran Tour

A trip which allows us to see why Gran Canaria is called a continent in miniature. It starts early in the morning (but not at four a.m. – thus you will have time to eat breakfast), and the means of […]

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Palmitos Park

Park is a unique attraction which, unfortunately, I was not lucky enough to see. I hope that once I get back to Gran Canaria and I will compensate myself for this lack and see it on my own. Palmitos Park […]

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Dunas de Maspalomas

Dunas de Maspalomas occupy a length of about 6 km and a width of about 2 km . The top height of the dunes is 10 – 20 m. They were formed by the ocean water brought by wind and […]

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Underwater sightseeing

I did plan to dive at all, though I will not say that I did not want to. The travel agency stated the price of 75 EUR and it seemed to me that this was a bit too much. We […]

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Puerto de Mogan

It is a picturesque port town, surrounded by mountains, where I was only able to eat dinner in a dockside tavern. The historic tenement houses, lack of high hotels, and very climatic restaurants and cafes around the marina – all […]

 

About La Gomera

Lavaschlote

La Gomera is a Spanish island, the second smallest island of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. It is located at 28°06′ N, 17°08′ W.

Ecology

It is of volcanic origin and roughly circular, about 15 miles in diameter and rising to nearly 5000 feet at the central peak of Garajonay. The Island is shaped rather like half of a peeled orange from which the segments have been parted, leaving deep ravines or barrancos which are coated, like icing, with laurasilva – or laurel rain forest.

The upper reaches of this densely wooded region are almost permanently shrouded in cloud and swirling mist, which has created lush and diverse vegetation. This is the Garajonay National Park which enjoys UNESCO recognition and protection of the environment. The slopes are criss-crossed by paths, presenting varying levels of challenge to walkers, and stunning views to reward the energetic.

The central mountains catch the moisture from the trade wind clouds and create a jungle climate rich in vegetation high in the cooler air, which contrasts with the warmer sun-baked cliffs near sea level.

Between these extremes is a fascinating range of vegetation, and the Gomerans have for centuries farmed the lower levels, channelling water for the irrigation of their vines, fruits and vegetables, such as bananas.

Culture

The local wine is distinctive, and complements a tapa (snack) of Gomerian cheese, roasted pork or goat meat.

The Gomerans have a unique way of communicating across the barrancos by an amazing kind of whistling language called the silbo. Unfortunately, this unique medium of communication is dying out.

Christopher Columbus made La Gomera his last port of call before crossing the Atlantic in 1492.

Gomera

Lavaschlote

Los_Organos_La_Gomera

Source: wikipedia.org; CC License

Fuerteventura – geography, climate, history

Fuerteventura_coastline

Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. It is situated at 28°20′ north, 14°00′ west. The elongated island has an area of 1660 km². The island is 100 km long from and 31 km wide. It is part of the province of Las Palmas.

100 individual settlements are distributed through these municipalities. A nearby islet, Islote de Lobos, is part of the municipality of La Oliva. Located just 100 kilometres off the coast of North Africa. It is the second biggest of the islands, after Tenerife, and has the longest beaches in the archipelago. The island is a paradise for sun, beach and watersports enthusiasts. The island is widely believed to be the oldest of the Canary Islands. Its strange form was created out of a series of volcanic eruptions many thousands of years ago. The first tourist hotel was built here in 1965 followed by the construction of the airport at El Mattoral, heralding the dawn of a new era for the island. Fuerteventura, with its 3,000 sunshine hours a year, was placed firmly on the world stage as a major European holiday destination. The island is on the same latitude as Florida and Mexico and temperatures here rarely fall below 18 °C or rise above 24 °C. There are no less than 152 beaches along its coastline – 50 kilometres of fine, white sand and 25 kilometres of black volcanic shingle. The summer Trade Winds and winter swells of the Atlantic make this a year-round surfers’ paradise. Sailors, scuba divers and big game fishermen are all drawn to these clear blue Atlantic waters where whales, dolphins, marlin and turtles are all common sights. Much of the interior, with its large plains, lavascapes and volcanic mountains, consists of protected areas which can be best be explored in a 4×4 or (for the more daring) with a cross-country motorbike.

Geography

Fuerteventura is the oldest island in the Canary Islands dating back to 20 million years from a volcanic eruption. The majority of the island was created about 5 million years and since then eroded by wind and weather. The last volcanic activity in Fuerteventura was between 4,000 to 5,000 years ago. The highest point in Fuerteventura is Mount Jandía (807 m) in the southwestern part of the island. Geographical features include Istmo de la Pared which is 5 km wide and is the narrowest part of Fuerteventura, the island is divided into two parts, the northern portion which is Maxorata and the southwestern part called the Jandía peninsula. The island is the least settled in the Canary Islands.

Climate

The climate on the island throughout the year is pleasant. The island is also called the island of eternal springs. The sea adjusts the temperature making the hot Sahara winds away from the island of Fuerteventura. High temperatures are around 21 °C in winter months and about 27 °C in the summer months. Low temperatures hover about 15 °C in the winter months and about 20 °C during winter months. Precipitation is about 147 mm per annum. Most of the rainfall falls in the winter. The sandstorm known as the scirocco, Leveche in Spain blows to the southwest from the Sahara desert causing high temperatures and low visibility and drying air. Temperatures during this phenomena rises by 10 degrees Celsius. The wind brings in fine, white sand, visibility drops to about 100 to 200 m or lower, and African [locust]s. The local inhabitants call this phenomena the „Calima”. Fuerteventura_black_sand_beach

Fuerteventura_coastline

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Climate and history of Lanzarote

Lanzarote

Lanzarote, a Spanish island, is the easternmost of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. It is situated at 29°00′ north, 13°40′ west.

The elongated island has an area of 845,9 km². and the population is around 125,000. The length of the island is 60 km long from north to south and 25 km wide from west to east. Lanzarote is located 11 km NE of Fuertventura and only 1 km from Graciosa.

It is part of the province of Las Palmas.

A nearby island, Isla de La Graciosa, is part of the municipality of Teguise, as are four smaller islets.

The seat of the island government (cabildo insular) is in Arrecife, which has a population of 47,100 (2004).

A total of 114,715 people (2003) live on Lanzarote.

The flag color is red and blue with a line going from bottom-left to top-right.

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Geography

Its mountains include Montañas del Fuego located in the Timanfaya National Park.

Geology

Lanzarote is a beautiful island that is of volcanic origin. The island was created about 35 million years ago. Alfred Wegener arrived in 1912 and stuided the island with the continental drift.

Lava-Field-Lanzarote

Climate

Its climate ranges from mild to hot climates. Its daytime temperature in the summer is between 30°C and 35°C and the nightime temperature is at 20°C. Its winter daytime temperature is between 20°C and 25°C and the nightime temperature is between 13°C and 16°C. Lanzarote is surrounded with trade winds. The water temperature at the Atlantic is at 22°C during the summer and 17°C during the winter months. Precipitation is between 135 and 250 mm. The heaviest is between December and January. Most of the precipitation occurs in the area around Famara Massif while the rest occurs in the south, Sandstorms which comes from the Sahara desert which happens every year. The temnperature is over 40°C during this phenomenon.

History

Lanzarote was probably the first Canary Islands that was settled. The Phoenicians were settled around 1100 BC. The Greek writers and philosophers Herodotus, Plato and Plutarch described the garden of Hesperis, the land of fertility where fruits and flowers smell in the part of the Atlantic. The first known recordings came from Pliny the Elder in the encyclopedia Naturalis Historia on an expedition to the Canary Islands. The recordings of the names of then called Insulae Fortunatae were Canaria (Gran Canaria), Ninguaria (Tenerife), Junonia Mayor (La Palma) and Capraria (El Hierro. Lanzarote and Fuerteventura were not mentioned, they were mentioned as archipelago. After the plants were founded on the island, After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Canary islands became abandoned until 999 AD when the Arabs arrived to the island and was known as al-Djezir al-Khalida and other names. In 1336, a ship from Lisbon under the gudiance of Lanzarote da Framqua alias Lancelotto Malocello. Jean de Béthencourt arrived in 1402 on a private expedition to the Canary Islands and slavery came to the island as well as raw materials. In the 17th century, pirates raided the island. In 1730, the island was hit by a volcanic eruption. The eruption created 32 new volcanoes with a stretch of 18 km. The minister of Yaiza Don Andrés Lorenzo Curbelo which was documented in detail until 1731. The eruption lasted for 2,053 days and ended in 1736. The lava covered a quarter of the island’s surface, under the most fruitful soils on the island and eleven villages. 100 volcanoes were founded in an area of Montañas del Fuego in which the name originates from the catastrophe. In 1768, the drought affected the island and winter precipitations did not fall. Much of the popoulation emigrated to Cuba and the Americas. Another volcano eruption occured within the range of Tiagua in 1824 which was not as worse as the major eruption between 1730 and 1736.

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Lanzarote

Source: wikipedia.org; CC License

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