Climate and history of Lanzarote


Lanzarote, a Spanish island, is the easternmost of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. It is situated at 29°00′ north, 13°40′ west.

The elongated island has an area of 845,9 km². and the population is around 125,000. The length of the island is 60 km long from north to south and 25 km wide from west to east. Lanzarote is located 11 km NE of Fuertventura and only 1 km from Graciosa.

It is part of the province of Las Palmas.

A nearby island, Isla de La Graciosa, is part of the municipality of Teguise, as are four smaller islets.

The seat of the island government (cabildo insular) is in Arrecife, which has a population of 47,100 (2004).

A total of 114,715 people (2003) live on Lanzarote.

The flag color is red and blue with a line going from bottom-left to top-right.




Its mountains include Montañas del Fuego located in the Timanfaya National Park.


Lanzarote is a beautiful island that is of volcanic origin. The island was created about 35 million years ago. Alfred Wegener arrived in 1912 and stuided the island with the continental drift.



Its climate ranges from mild to hot climates. Its daytime temperature in the summer is between 30°C and 35°C and the nightime temperature is at 20°C. Its winter daytime temperature is between 20°C and 25°C and the nightime temperature is between 13°C and 16°C. Lanzarote is surrounded with trade winds. The water temperature at the Atlantic is at 22°C during the summer and 17°C during the winter months. Precipitation is between 135 and 250 mm. The heaviest is between December and January. Most of the precipitation occurs in the area around Famara Massif while the rest occurs in the south, Sandstorms which comes from the Sahara desert which happens every year. The temnperature is over 40°C during this phenomenon.


Lanzarote was probably the first Canary Islands that was settled. The Phoenicians were settled around 1100 BC. The Greek writers and philosophers Herodotus, Plato and Plutarch described the garden of Hesperis, the land of fertility where fruits and flowers smell in the part of the Atlantic. The first known recordings came from Pliny the Elder in the encyclopedia Naturalis Historia on an expedition to the Canary Islands. The recordings of the names of then called Insulae Fortunatae were Canaria (Gran Canaria), Ninguaria (Tenerife), Junonia Mayor (La Palma) and Capraria (El Hierro. Lanzarote and Fuerteventura were not mentioned, they were mentioned as archipelago. After the plants were founded on the island, After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Canary islands became abandoned until 999 AD when the Arabs arrived to the island and was known as al-Djezir al-Khalida and other names. In 1336, a ship from Lisbon under the gudiance of Lanzarote da Framqua alias Lancelotto Malocello. Jean de Béthencourt arrived in 1402 on a private expedition to the Canary Islands and slavery came to the island as well as raw materials. In the 17th century, pirates raided the island. In 1730, the island was hit by a volcanic eruption. The eruption created 32 new volcanoes with a stretch of 18 km. The minister of Yaiza Don Andrés Lorenzo Curbelo which was documented in detail until 1731. The eruption lasted for 2,053 days and ended in 1736. The lava covered a quarter of the island’s surface, under the most fruitful soils on the island and eleven villages. 100 volcanoes were founded in an area of Montañas del Fuego in which the name originates from the catastrophe. In 1768, the drought affected the island and winter precipitations did not fall. Much of the popoulation emigrated to Cuba and the Americas. Another volcano eruption occured within the range of Tiagua in 1824 which was not as worse as the major eruption between 1730 and 1736.



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